General Information



A tiger protecting its meal

Bengal Tigers, typically living throughout India, were once one of eight types of subspecies of tigers. Unfortunately, three of those eight have gone extinct in the 20th century, while the other five are all endangered and most are in protection programs. Each female Bengal Tiger can give birth to two to six cubs in each litter. Mothers, with no help from the father, will watch and hunt for her babies until they are 18 months old. At this age they begin to hunt for themselves. It isn’t until the tiger is two or three years of age when it actually leave their mothers side.

Over time, the population of tigers has dropped significantly from hundreds of thousands to now fewer than 2,500 across the world. The Bengal Tiger is the most common of the tiger species and has become an important factor in Indian traditions and Chinese medicine. Many are hunted for those very reasons. Starved tigers walk miles to find meat such as buffalo, deer, or wild pig. One tiger alone can eat up to 60 pounds in one meal. These carnivorous animals, despite the stereotypes, tend to stay away from human contact and only few have ever attacked or killed humans. This only happens if they were sick, unable to hunt, or lived in an area where their prey was no longer living.


A Bengal Tiger cub


Kingdom: Animalia: multicellular, eukaryotic organisms that reproduce sexually

Phylum: Chordata: has a notochord, a dorsal nerve chord, pharyngeal slits, an endostyle, and an exterior tail

Subphylum: Vertebrata: anaimals with a segmented spinal column and a distinct head

Class: Mammalia: animals with hair, three middle ear bones, mammary glands, and a neocortex. These creatures are also warm-blooded

Order: Carnivora: these are meat-eating organisms

Family: Felidae: is in the biological family of the cat (both house cat and ancient wild cats)

Genus: Panthera: have a flat skull and a frontal eye area that is not noticeably elevated.  The area under their eyes is large and their chin is sloping.

Species: panthera tigris: the largest cat species

Subspecies: panthera tigris tigris


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